Clubs – grassroots sports schools, founded by coaches, skaters and/or parents.
DUSSH – (or CYSS, from Russian) Child-Youth Sport Schools – soviet state schools that use outdated abusive approaches to coaching.
What’s the difference?
There are two sport governance models in the world – European club system and Soviet communist system.
Club system is based on the grassroots clubs, where sport belongs to free society and is build from the bottom-up – people voluntarily unite into clubs, clubs – into federations, and mutually benefitial relationships with governments are made to foster sport development. In communist system sport belongs to the government, focuses on political ambitions of its leaders, governed and financed fully by the government.
Even after 30 years of its independence, Ukraine still governs sport using outdated communist laws and views on sport, which do not work for democratic society and market economy.
Hence, Ukraine currently have to parrallel systems – palliative DUSSH and emerging unofficial clubs.